[Users] Einstein Toolkit and modern AMD supercomputer

Hee Il Kim heeilkim at gmail.com
Fri Aug 27 18:46:52 CDT 2021

Hello Jim,

Recently I posted a mail on Intel compiler issues.

I have two questions.

1. Your tests of Intel19 combinations include hydro simulations? I've only
tested for binary NS mergers and got NaNs from the beginning. If you have
succeeded in hydro simulations, would you let me know the runtime options?

2. In those comibations, I think there would be no avx options available
for the AMD cpus. Can I get the configuration file for the AMD+Intel19?

Thanks you.

Hee Il

On Sat, Aug 28, 2021 at 7:07 AM James Healy <jchsma at rit.edu> wrote:

> Hello all,
> TLDR: Try the combination intel/ and openmpi/3.1.6 on expanse.
> Long version:
> I had a similar issue on expanse during the EUP with great performance on
> 1 node and worse on multiple nodes.  I tried many combinations of the
> available (at the time) mpi implementations and compilers.
> Here is what I found:
> * intel19 + intel mpi : great 1 node speed, poor scaling to >1 node, poor weak scaling
> * intel19 + openmpi 4 : same as above
> * gcc 10 + openmpi 4 : 40% slower 1 node speed, poor scaling to >1 node, poor weak scaling
> * gcc 9 + openmpi 3.1.6 : 40% slower 1 node speed, good scaling to >1 node, acceptable weak scaling
> * using intel19 + openmpi 4 executable but with gcc9/openmpi 3.1.6 modules loaded at runtime : great 1 node speed, good scaling to >1 node, acceptable weak scaling
> The MPI implementation that worked was using openmpi 3.1.6.  At the time
> this was only available if you used the gcc 9 compilers.  However, I
> contacted support and they installed a version for the intel compilers.
> Here is what support said:
> "I think I can install openmpi/3.1.6 with intel compilers. I have to go back and check but I think the main difference is we are using ibverbs on the openmpi/3.1.6 build and ucx on the openmpi/4.0.4. For most codes ucx has been the faster option but in your case it seems different. I will let you know once the compilers are in place."
> After he installed it, the combination of intel19 compilers with openmpi
> 3.1.6 gives acceptable scaling.  I am not familiar enough with ucx vs
> ibverbs to comment on if that is the issue with the AMD clusters.  I also
> have this same issue on bridges2 which uses the same AMD nodes as expanse,
> and have not been able to get the code to perform well on >1 node.
> At least for expanse, I'd suggest trying to load intel 19 and openmpi and
> see if you get better scaling.  Then if you do, we could inquire with
> support on the differences in configurations for openmpi 3.1.6 and openmpi
> 4.0.4 to see if there is more beyond ucx vs ibverbs.  Then, the next step
> would be seeing if we can replicate this elsewhere (like bridges2 or anvil).
> module load intel/
> module load openmpi/3.1.6
> Best,
> Jim Healy
> CCRG Research Associate
> On 8/27/21 12:44 PM, Gabriele Bozzola wrote:
> Hello,
> Last week I opened a PR to add the configuration files
> for Expanse to simfactory. Expanse is an example of
> the new generation of AMD supercomputers. Others are
> Anvil, one of the other new XSEDE machines, or Puma,
> the newest cluster at The University of Arizona.
> I have some experience with Puma and Expanse and
> I would like to share some thoughts, some of which come
> from interacting with the admins of Expanse. The problem
> is that I am finding terrible multi-node performance on both
> these machines, and I don't know if this will be a common
> thread among new AMD clusters.
> These supercomputers have similar characteristics.
> First, they have very high cores/node count (typically
> 128/node) but low memory per core (typically 2 GB / core).
> In these conditions, it is very easy to have a job killed by
> the OOM daemon. My suspicion is that it is rank 0 that
> goes out of memory, and the entire run is aborted.
> Second, depending on the MPI implementation, MPI collective
> operations can be extremely expensive. I was told that
> the best implementation is mvapich 2.3.6 (at the moment).
> This seems to be due to the high core count.
> I found that the code does not scale well. This is possibly
> related to the previous point. If your job can fit on a single node,
> it will run wonderfully. However, when you perform the same
> simulation on two nodes, the code will actually be slower.
> This indicates that there's no strong scaling at all from
> 1 node to 2 (128 to 256 cores, or 32 to 64 MPI ranks).
> Using mvapich 2.3.6 improves the situation, but it is still
> faster to use fewer nodes.
> (My benchmark is a par file I've tested extensively on Frontera)
> I am working with Expanse's support staff to see what we can
> do, but I wonder if anyone has had a positive experience with
> this architecture and has some tips to share.
> Gabriele
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